Everything You Need to Know About DC Criminal Court
You may be facing a case with the DC Criminal Court if you have been charged with a crime in the District of Columbia. This guide covers everything you need to know to navigate the court and begin your defense.
What to Know Before You Go to the DC Criminal Court
When facing the DC Criminal Court system, one must remember that the District of Columbia isn’t a state. Unlike other jurisdictions that have a circuit court, city court, and a justice court, all local criminal cases go through the Superior Court. Cases including code violations, criminal traffic infractions, felonies, and misdemeanors are prosecuted by the United States Attorneys’ Office.
A criminally charged person needs to know what to expect in court and where to go for their case. A DC federal criminal defense attorney, such as Christopher J. Mutimer of Scrofano Law will provide the proper procedures for courtroom decorum and additional information. Make an appointment to schedule an attorney consultation and begin your defense today.
DC Court of Appeals Responsibilities
The DC Criminal Court is comprised of the Superior Court and the DC Court of Appeals. As a state supreme court equivalent and the highest DC court, the DC Court of Appeals reviews:
- Contested case decisions
- Final orders
- Proposed Superior Court rules
The District of Columbia Court of Appeals also oversees the attorneys who are members of its Bar. A United States District Court lawyer can further explain your rights and responsibilities when facing criminal charges or traffic violations.
Washington DC Criminal Court Locations
The Washington DC Criminal Court processes local criminal matters, such as District of Columbia code violations, criminal traffic cases, felony offenses, and misdemeanors.
The Washington DC Superior Court is located in the Moultrie Courthouse at 500 Indiana Avenue N.W. in Washington, DC 20001. The Court of Appeals of the District of Columbia is in the Historic Courthouse at 430 E Street N.W. in Washington, DC 20001. They’re open on Monday through Friday from 8:30 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. and can be reached by calling (202) 879-1010.
The Criminal Court Division consists of the following branches:
- Case Management
- Courtroom Support
- Quality Assurance
- Special Proceedings
There are also eight community courts within Washington DC to handle local matters. A Maryland criminal lawyer can provide additional information regarding how one should behave in the trial court or the appellate courts.
Understanding DC Criminal Court Cases
How DC Criminal Court cases are handled varies based on what type of crime you allegedly committed and what precisely you are charged with. Crimes are divided into these categories:
- Misdemeanor cases
- Domestic violence crimes
After being arrested for a misdemeanor offense, you will be taken into custody, booked, processed, and released with a court date to be arraigned, which is usually within three weeks. The U.S. Attorney’s office will charge you with the crime at the arraignment. If the charges are related to an illegal substance, your experience might include drug court.
After booking and processing, those charged with felonies are presented before an associate judge as soon as possible rather than receiving a citation for a later date. There, they will discover whether they should be held or released while your case is in process. After that, a grand jury will determine whether to charge you and with what. If charged with a felony, you will appear for an arraignment.
When arrested for domestic violence, the case is handled in the Domestic Violence Unit of the DC Criminal Court system. Whatever type of criminal case you face, you should immediately consult with a criminal defense lawyer in the jurisdiction to ensure that your rights are maintained throughout the process.
Doing a DC Criminal Court Cases Search
The District of Columbia Superior Court offers a DC Criminal Court Cases Search portal online to provide accurate and current public docket information through the online case search system (eAccess). Citation cases like traffic offenses are unavailable. To look up the court date for those, you should contact law enforcement from the district where the citation was issued.
For a list of current cases, click “Search Now” and click the “User Guide” found on the left side of the eAccess landing page. Public docket information and even document images are nearly immediately available upon being scanned or input into court records.
DC Courts Publically Available Remote Hearings
Aside from a small number of hearings, the DC Superior Court conducts publically open hearings that are partially or entirely remote. The general public can join by phone or the video-conference application, WebEx. You can find information about joining these hearings on the Superior Court Remote Hearing information page.
Although the Courts make every effort to keep information up-to-date, they may occasionally overlook outdated facts or inaccuracies. Defendants and their families can obtain more information from the criminal defense lawyer.
Finding the DC Criminal Court Schedule
The District of Columbia provides an updated and comprehensive DC Criminal Court Schedule at 7:00 p.m. each night before the following day’s court proceedings. Criminal cases in the DC Courts are complex, and a person dealing with them often finds them stressful. An established law firm familiar with the courtrooms can ease their mind.
Obtaining DC Criminal Court Records
The District of Columbia Superior Court and Court of Appeals provide DC Criminal Court Records online for public access. A local law firm can help you navigate the District of Columbia Courts.
DC Court Criminal Division Attorneys
When selecting an attorney to advise and represent you in your dealings with the DC Court Criminal Division, you should choose one that can help you prepare for the type of court date you have.
If you are being prosecuted for a citation, you can hire a lawyer to accompany you to your first court date. However, if your trial is approaching, you should be consulting with your attorney to ensure you are prepared for everything that entails, such as arguments, testimonies, and witnesses.
Communicating with a DC attorney like Christopher J. Mutimer of Scrofano Law allows you to become familiar with the necessary steps, including any pretrial conditions imposed by the court.
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