In the District of Columbia, drug charges can range from misdemeanor to felony based on a variety of circumstances. Unlike many jurisdiction, however, the District of Columbia court system tends to treat drug possession with the goal and focus on treatment rather than incarceration.
That said, one can end up incarcerated in DC for drug crimes. Under the District of Columbia code, there are three basic types of drug offenses: possession, possession with the intent to distribute, and distribution. Simple possession of drugs for personal use for most illegal narcotics is a misdemeanor that carries a maximum penalty of 180 days in jail and/or a$1,000.00 fine. For simple drug possession cases, the government will often agree to diversion, which can include some combination of community service, drug treatment, or both. Diversion allows criminal defendants to resolve cases short of taking a plea or going to trial. The government requires the defendant to complete conditions and if the defendant complies, the government will dismiss the case.
However, possession of PCP in DC is treated more seriously than other types of drugs. The DC City Council passed a law that made possession of PCP in its liquid form a felony. Many PCP users dip cigarettes or joints into the liquid and sell the cigarettes individually. Accordingly, the law assumes if someone has it in liquid form then that person intended to sell it. However, for other illegal drugs like cocaine, heroin, amphetamines, etc., to charge someone with a felony, simple possession is not enough.
Possession with intent to distribute is a felony in the District of Columbia. Possession with intent to distribute is exactly what its described as: possession illegal drugs with the intent to sell or give them away. Accordingly, to prosecute someone for that crime, the government needs what is called “indicia of sale” to demonstrate the drug possessor’s mindset is beyond just wanting to use the drugs. Some examples of indicia of sale include (1) large quantities of the drug; (2) possessing a large amount of cash upon arrest; (3) possessing paraphernalia used for packaging and weighing narcotic; and also (4) statements or actions demonstrating an intent to sell. Finally, the law does not distinguish whether you sell or give away the drugs for free. Both scenarios are considered “distribution.”
Finally, and the most serious drug offense, is distribution of a controlled substance. For distribution, the police must actually witness or catch the person in the act of selling or distributing the drug. These cases typically involve an undercover officer making a purchase from a suspected drug dealer and then making the arrest.
Given recent changes in marijuana law in the District of Columbia, if the substance is marijuana, the rules are different. Marijuana remains illegal under federal law. However, the District of Columbia has legalized possession of a certain quantity for individuals in the city. Accordingly, the DC crime of possession of marijuana no longer exists. However, it does under federal law. And it is still illegal to sell marijuana in DC and to smoke it in public under DC law. However, under DC law it is not illegal to give small quantities of it away for free. That creates a confusing legal environment for District residents but unfortunately until greater acceptance of marijuana possession occurs on the federal level, that is just the way it is.
If you or a friend or loved one has been arrested for a DC drug crime or simply has questions about DC marijuana laws, contact Scrofano Law PC for a full consultation. We are experienced, aggressive drug defense lawyers and here to help.